Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms

​Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1982. Ratification of Optional Protocol in 2001. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (1983) and 2002 reforms. It establishes the right to equality before the law and forbids any type of sex-based discrimination, with special emphasis on work opportunities.
Ministry for Women and Vulnerable Groups (2012). It designs, promotes, executes and supervises public policies in favor of women and vulnerable groups, in order to guarantee the exercise of their rights from a cross-sectoral perspective.