Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Accession in 1981. Ratification of Optional Protocol in 2002. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (1917) and reforms. Prohibits all gender-based discrimination attempting against human dignity and it is inspired by the ideal of rights equality for everybody, avoiding racial, religious, group, sex or individual privileges.
National Women's Institute (Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres) (2001). Promotes and fosters full exercise of all women's rights, as well as their equitable participation in the country's political, cultural, economic and social life; free from discrimination and with equality of opportunity and treatment between genders.
 also known. as INMUJERES.