Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1981. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Constitution and reforms (1987). Constitution aimed at establishing a government regime based on fundamental freedoms and respect for human rights, social peace, economic equality, gender equality, and concerted action and participation of the population as a whole in major decisions affecting national life, through effective decentralization.
Ministry on the Condition of Women and Women's Rights (1995). It designs and implements public policies in order to act on women's condition and their rights in Haiti. It also provides guidance for the definition and implementation of public policy at a national level, based on the transversal nature of gender relations.
Gender Equality Policy: Women Empowerment (2015). It defines a national action plan aimed at eliminating all forms of discrimination against women, in order to promote and guarantee respect for equality between men and women and strengthen women's empowerment. This policy comprises the following topics: financial and employability equality between men and women; equal participation of men and women in decision making.
Labor Code (2003). It establishes that women have the same rights and obligations as men, according to labor legislation. It also ensures equal wages for work of equal value among men and women. The code prohibits: discrimination between married and single women in relation to their rights and obligations and working obligations; to demand for pregnant women to perform duties requiring excessive physical effort during the 3 months prior to birth.
Personal and labor conciliation
Labor Code (2003).Maternity leave comprises 12 paid weeks (6 before and 6 after childbirth) to be compensated by the Office of Insurance for Occupational Accidents, Illnesses and Maternity (Known by its French acronym, OFATMA). Article 331 makes provision for nursing women to enjoy allocated time for this activity – normally paid (half an hour twice a day or 15 minutes every three hours). Nopaternity leave.
Decree on Public Administration (2005). For male civil servants provision is made for a 5 working-dayspaternity leave.
Violence due to gender
Criminal Code Modifying Decree (2005). It modifies provisions in relation to sexual assault.