Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Accession in 1987. Ratification of Optional Protocol in 2001. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (1992). Art. 48: On Equal rights between men and women. Men and women enjoy equal civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights. It establishes that the State shall promote conditions and create adequate mechanisms for equality to be real and effective, thus leveling obstacles which hinder or interfere with its exercise while facilitating women's participation in all spheres of national life.
Ministry of Women (2012). It promotes and implements public policies with gender perspective, for the full enjoyment of women's human rights.