Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1989. Signature of the Optional Protocol in 1999. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Chile's Political Constitution (1980) and reforms. Equal before the law. In Chile there are no privileged groups or individuals. In Chile there are no slaves and whoever sets foot on national territory is therefore set free. Men and women are equal before the law.
Women and Gender Equality Ministry (2016). It watches over coordination, consistency and coherence among policies, plans and programs related to gender equality; same policies, plans and programs which are to be transversally incorporated into the State's actions.
National Women and Gender Equality Service (1991). It is the body in charge of the execution of policies, plans and programs entrusted to it by the Women and Gender Equality Ministry. It comprises diverse programs within various areas such as Women and Work, Violence Against Women, "Buen Vivir" of Sexuality and Reproduction, and Women, Citizenship and Participation.