Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms

​Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1986. Ratification of the Optional Protocol in 2001. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (1999 reform). It establishes that all people are equal before the law and no discrimination contrary to human dignity may be practiced.
National Women's Institute (1998). It promotes and protects women's human rights. It also coordinates and supervises the National Policy for Gender Equality and Equity.