Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1985. Ratification of the Optional Protocol in 2007. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution and reforms (1853). Congress legislates and promotes positive action measures to ensure real equality of opportunity and treatment, as well as full enjoyment and exercise of rights recognized by both, the Constitution and existing international human rights treaties, particularly those concerning children, women, etc.
National Women's Council (1992). Responsible - at national level - for public policy regarding equality of opportunity and treatment between men and women, thus promoting a new model of social contract based on the full and equal participation of women in the country's social, political, economic and cultural life.
Employment Contract Act and reforms (1974). It prohibits discriminatory treatment based on gender and establishes that women may enter into any type of work contract. It also establishes the principle of equal pay for work of equal value, as well as equal treatment and access to career advancement and in-service training.
Convention on Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Male and Female Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities (1987). It guarantees for people with family responsibilities, who are employed or wish to perform their choice of employment, to be able to exercise their right and not be discriminated against.
Community Services Program III (1999). It included a pilot project comprising activities not traditionally performed by women (masonry, carpentry, sanitary and electrical installations, etc.).
Coordination for Gender Equality and Equal Opportunities at Work (2007). It promotes diversification of available training for women as well as improving their employability based on the incorporation of "non-traditional" knowledge and skills, while at the same time providing internship opportunities.
Personal and labor conciliation
General Employment Regime.Maternity leave consisting of 45 days prior to delivery date and 45 days afterwards. During the nursing period it is the mother's right to take two daily breaks, each 30 minutes in length, in order to nurse her child.Paternal leave comprises two days in a row.
Violence due to gender
Act 26.791 Decree 2396 (2012). It classifies the aggravated murder of women.
Act 26485 (2009). Comprehensive Protection of Women to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women.