Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms

​Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1985. Ratification of the Optional Protocol in 2007. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution and reforms (1853). Congress legislates and promotes positive action measures to ensure real equality of opportunity and treatment, as well as full enjoyment and exercise of rights recognized by both, the Constitution and existing international human rights treaties, particularly those concerning children, women, etc.
National Women's Council (1992). Responsible - at national level - for public policy regarding equality of opportunity and treatment between men and women, thus promoting a new model of social contract based on the full and equal participation of women in the country's social, political, economic and cultural life.