Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms

​Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1981. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (1987) and reforms. Absolute equality is established for all Nicaraguans for the enjoyment of their political rights; in regards to both, the exercise of said rights and the fulfillment of their duties and responsibilities, there is absolute equality between men and women. It is the State's obligation to eliminate all obstacles effectively impeding equality among Nicaraguans and their participation in the country's political, social and economic life.
Women's Ministry (Reform 2012). It ensures women's equitable, equal and complementary participation, through national strategies, policies and programs which effectively contribute to the strengthening of their involvement, and their enjoyment of full responsibilities and rights in the framework of integral human development.