Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Accession in 1981. Ratification of Optional Protocol in 2001. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Constitution and reforms (1972). There shall be no personal privileges or distinctions or discrimination based on race, birth, disability, social status, sex, religion or political ideas.
National Institute for Women (2008). It coordinates programs and projects aimed at eliminating structural causes of inequality between genders.
Gender and Equal Opportunity Bureau attached to the Ministry of Labor and Workforce Development (2014). It coordinates plans, programs and projects regarding gender and employment, ensuring the fulfillment of men and women's work rights.