Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms
Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Ratification in 1982. Ratification of Optional Protocol in 2001. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution (2010). Women and men are equal before the law. Any act whose goal or result is to undermine or override the acknowledgement, enjoyment or exercise - under equal conditions - of women and men's basic rights is forbidden. The necessary measures to guarantee eradication of inequality and gender-based discrimination shall be promoted. The State guarantees equality and equity between men and women regarding the enjoyment of their labour rights.
Ministry of Women (1999). Defines and leads the implementation of public policies, plans and programs that contribute to gender equality and equity, and to the full exercise of women's citizenship.
Offices for Gender Equity and Development Bureau (OEGD, 2001). Focal points in the various ministries with the objective of mainstreaming gender perspective into sector policies and facilitate the steering and coordinating role of the Ministry of Women.