Legal Framework and Institutional Mechanisms

​Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Accession in 1984. Ratification of the Optional Protocol in 2002. Main reference document for equality between men and women. Through its ratification or accession to it the States are legally bound to adopt all necessary measures, including special temporary measures and laws, in order for women to fully enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The signatory countries take responsibility for the implementation of the Platform for Action, in which 12 critical areas of concern for the advancement of women are defined.
Political Constitution and reforms (1988). It establishes equality of rights and obligations between men and women. It prohibits gender pay gaps as well as any gender-based disparities regarding function, execution and admission criteria.
National Council for Women's Rights (1985). It promotes policies aimed at eradicating discrimination against women and guaranteeing their participation in political, economic and cultural activities.
Secretariat for Women´s Policies (2003). It advises the Presidency regarding policy formulation and development in favour of women.
Gender Observatory (2009). It supports development and implementation of gender-responsive public policies within the country and disseminates information on gender inequality and women's rights.